Literature & Medicine Outcomes

Doctor with patientIn a formal evaluation of Literature & Medicine, participants showed a great or medium increase in:

  • Empathy for patients (79%)
  • Interpersonal skills (64%)
  • Communication skills (58%)
  • Job satisfaction (62%)
  • Cultural awareness (67%)

In a similar study of Veteran’s Administration (VA) hospitals around the country, participants showed a great or medium increase in:

  • Empathy for patients (82%)
  • Interpersonal skills (62%)
  • Communication skills (51%)
  • Job satisfaction (61%)
  • Cultural awareness (59%)

1Program Evaluation, Literature and Medicine Program by Dr. Bruce B. Clary, Muskie School of Public Service, University of Southern Maine, November 2008.

2Program Evaluation, Literature & Medicine Program, Healthcare Facilities, United States Department of Veterans Affairs by Dr. Bruce B. Clary, Muskie School of Public Service, University of Southern Maine, 2011.